The International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) develops and implements practical and innovative activities that strengthen environmental compliance and enforcement at all levels of governance – local, national, regional, and international. INECE builds the capacity of compliance and enforcement stakeholders to contribute to the rule of law and good governance in areas that advance sustainable development. The Network is comprised of environmental regulators, investigators, prosecutors, judges, and international environmental and development organizations, and others.
Resources and topics include:
- Next Generation Compliance, including the Special Report on Next Generation Compliance
- Seaport Environmental Security
- Compliance Strategies to Deliver Climate Benefits
- INECE Resource Library
- INECE Correspondents Articles
For more information please visit the INECE website
The European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law (IMPEL) is an international non-profit association of environmental authorities of EU member states, EU acceding and candidate countries, and European Economic Area (EEA) countries. The network’s objective is to create the necessary impetus in the European Community to make progress on ensuring the more effective application of environmental legislation. The core IMPEL activities are awareness raising, capacity building and the exchange of information and experience on implementation, enforcement and international enforcement collaboration, as well as promoting and supporting the practicability and enforceability of European environmental legislation.
For more information please visit the IMPEL website
Recent IMPEL projects:
- easyTools The development of an easy and flexible risk assessment tool as part of the planning of environmental inspections linked to European environmental law and the RMCEI
- Choosing Appropriate Interventions Choosing appropriate interventions alongside inspections to ensure compliance and achieve environmental outcomes
- Enforcement Actions Increasing cooperation between European competent authorities in relation the enforcement of the Waste Shipment Regulation
- Waste Sites Controlling illegal waste exports from the EU by targeting the sources of waste streams and facilities where waste is collected, stored and treated before export
The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection (MENP) is the central authority for implementing environmental management and protection policy, including environmental protection inspections, in the Republic of Croatia. Croatia ensures the effective enforcement of environmental legislation by establishing efficient implementation structures and bringing administrative as well as judicial capacities up to the required level. Effective inspection and coordination among all authorities are crucial to recognition and prosecution in cases of non-compliance with environmental legislation.
The Environmental Inspectorate in Croatia is involved in international cooperation as well as in-country multiagency cooperation, thus it is actively involved in a variety of other networks in addition to Themis (IMPEL, ECRAN/ECENA, INECE) as well as INTERPOL and Europol. The extensive training programmes carried out within the framework of various EU-funded projects have had a profound and positive impact on the enforcement of environmental legislation and, as a result, on the detection, investigation and prosecution of misdemeanours and criminal offences against the environment in Croatia.
For more information please visit the MENP website
The Criminal Intelligence Service Austria (CIS–A), or Bundeskriminalamt Österreich (BK), takes a modern, global and federal approach to combating crime and organised crime. The CIS–A operates within the General Directorate for Public Security of the Ministry of the Interior (BM.I). The CIS-A comprises seven departments: Crime Strategy and Central Administration; International Police Cooperation; Investigations, Organised Crime and General Crime; Crime Analysis; CID Support Services; Forensics; and Economic Crime. Unit 3.2.4 (Environmental Crime) is the highest-level unit within the Austrian Police in this area. It is responsible for the strategic and operational coordination of the subordinated criminal investigation departments and environmental crime units in the nine Austrian regions, as well as for 600 uniformed officers trained in combating environmental crime on federal territory.
The CIS–A supports subordinated regional police departments and law enforcement authorities. It leads investigations and is authorised to take over investigations from its subordinated authorities. The CIS–A is the national and international counterpart in terms of police cooperation (with INTERPOL, Europol and EUROJUST) and in EU matters, and negotiates with international organisations such as the UN, the European Council, the Southeast Europe Police Chiefs Assocation (SEPCA) and the Police Cooperation Convention for Southeast Europe (PCC SEE).
Important achievements include:
- The organisation of trainings for Austrian police officers in the field of environmental crime: (a) Austrian criminal investigation officers are given a three-week training that covers penal law, administrative law, forms of environmental crime, modus operandi, cooperation, and practical aspects such as field investigations and sample taking; (b) uniformed police officers are given a one-week training that covers penal law, administrative law, forms of environmental crime, modus operandi, cooperation, detection, investigation and sample taking; and (c) advanced trainings are organised annually taking into account changes in law, modus operandi and practical issues.
- The development of tools to assist police officers in their daily work, including (a) checklists for on-the-spot investigations related to waste shipments, pollution, cruelty to animals, endangered species, end-of-life vehicles, installations and industrial incidents; and (b) online support and the provision of appropriate information on law, contacts and modus operandi.
- Involvement in the development of specific national laws and updates in the field of environment, with the Environmental Crime unit providing appropriate advice based on the practical experience of the police in this field.
The CIS–A is implementing the project Strengthening Legal Principles and Good Governance in South Eastern Europe by Enlarging the International Law Enforcement Coordination Units (ILECUs) Network to Combat Transnational Organised Crime.
For more information please visit the CIS-A website